imagen-Bachelor’s Degree in Biology

Program / Bachelor’s Degree in Biology

Is taught in: ENCB


The Bachelor's Degree in Biology aims to train ethical, competitive, and excellent professionals, committed to society, who generate and apply scientific and technological knowledge in the environmental, biotechnological, and natural resources areas, based on the relevance of its curriculum, the quality of its teaching staff, research, and professional practice, to contribute to sustainable development and improvement of the quality of life of society.

Candidate’s Profile

To enter the bachelor’s degree program in Biology, students must have completed their high school studies and demonstrate, through the admission exam, basic knowledge of Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Physics. In addition to the requirements stated in the Instituto Politécnico Nacional call for applications, the student who wishes to enter this degree program must have:


  • Basic knowledge of Biology.
  • Basic knowledge of Chemistry.
  • Basic knowledge of Mathematics.
  • Basic knowledge of Physics.
  • Interest in management and sustainable use of natural resources, health, biotechnology, or teaching and dissemination of life sciences.
  • Possess basic scientific knowledge.
  • Handling of information and communication technologies.


  • Analysis of different groups of living beings.
  • Problem solving in health.


  • Ability to express their ideas, both orally and in writing.
  • Ability to read texts in English.
  • Capacity for observation, analysis and self-learning.

Graduate´s profile

Upon completion of the degree, the graduate will apply scientific and technological knowledge to solve problems related to the biological environment. They will have developed the skills, attitudes, values, and knowledge necessary for the use and conservation of biodiversity; they will be able to develop research projects in any area of Biology with creativity, initiative, and leadership. Will be characterized by:


  • Biodiversity and generalities of groups of living beings.
  • Abiotic characteristics of the environment.
  • Ecology and life history of organisms.
  • Dynamics of populations, communities, and ecosystems.
  • Cellular physiology.
  • Developmental biology.
  • Curatorial techniques and collection of biological material.
  • Biological evolution and variation.
  • Knowledge of taxonomic identities and evidence.
  • Philosophy of science.
  • Biotechnology.
  • Molecular biology.
  • Environmental policy instruments.
  • Ecosystem restoration and mitigation measures.
  • Abiotic characteristics of the environment.
  • Sustainable development, project management.
  • Natural resources and their use, the socioeconomic situation of the country, alternative energies.


  • Environmental impact assessments, environmental audits. and mitigation, restoration, and conservation actions.
  • Creation of scientific biological collections and catalogs of natural resources.
    • Analysis of the evolutionary history of different groups of living beings, structuring of genetic maps, and phylogenetic lines.
  • Research on the processes of cell proliferation and differentiation, cloning, and genetic manipulation.
  • Apply biotechnological processes, development, and optimization of new products.
  • Design and interpretation of biological models to analyze and evaluate the dynamics of ecosystems.
  • Consulting, technical assistance, and training in biological topics.
  • Design and implementation of science outreach, extension, and environmental education programs.
  • Functions related to the technical or regulatory area in the governmental sector.
  • Teaching in biological science programs in different educational institutions and other areas.
  • Sustainable management of biotic resources.
  • Research and problem-solving in the health area.
  • Solving problems in the management and conservation of natural and man-made resources.


  • Dynamism, tenacity, and critical awareness.
  • Commitment to exercise the profession for the benefit of society.
  • Ethical.
  • Respectful of diversity and multiculturalism.


  • Works in interdisciplinary teams.
  • Creative and innovative.
  • Has the ability to adapt to new situations.
  • Assumes self-critical and critical positions regarding their professional work.
  • Makes correct and timely decisions.
  • Assumes professional work with ethics and social commitment.
  • Communicates orally and verbally in an adequate manner.
  • Bases their performance on the culture of sustainability.

Academic Requirements

The requirements to become a student at the Institute are:

  1. To comply with the academic background and other requirements indicated in the respective call for applications.
  2. To take the admission exam for the higher level.
  3. To be selected for admission.

Work Field

The labor field of the bachelor’s degree in Biology covers different areas within the public, private and social sectors in the areas of biodiversity, ecology, resource management, and biotechnology. In these areas, the graduate in Biology organizes, plans, directs and executes the activities of the occupational field, at an operative and management level. He/she works successfully in different areas related to the production and commercialization of goods and services:

  • Education and research in educational institutions at all levels.
  • He works as a curator of scientific biological collections, such as zoos, botanical gardens, herbariums, and museums for teaching and research purposes.
  • Develops historical or artistic research projects involving the use of organisms or the discovery of their remains.
  • Human health, carrying out routine research or analysis in public or private institutions.
  • In the development of assisted human reproduction techniques.
  • Agriculture and forestry (inventory, exploitation, pest, and disease control; management, development, and administration of greenhouses and alternative agricultural or livestock production units).
  • Creation and administration of wildlife management units (UMAS) and hunting ranches.
  • Biotechnology: food production companies, pharmaceutical industry, bioremediation.
  • Fisheries and aquaculture (research or production centers). Preservation, management and environmental remediation supports the diagnosis, evaluation, design, development, management, and follow-up of land-use planning studies; administration and maintenance of protected natural areas and other spaces aimed at conservation; management and advice on decision-making for the preservation of biological diversity as a natural heritage.
  • In the mining, textile, tourism, and oil industries in productive projects with a social and sustainability approach, to evaluate the impact of human works on the environment.

Curriculum Map

Check the list of subjects, credits and total hours of the program on the website of each school.