General directors of the IPN

Dr. Mario Alberto Rodríguez Casas​

He is the current Director of the National Polytechnic Institute. Originally from San Buenaventura, Coahuila, He have completed his studies at the high school in Vocational 6. He is a Biochemical Engineer from the National School of Biological Sciences (ENCB), Master and Doctor of Science in Biochemistry from the National Polytechnic Institute, Master in "Management and University Policy" from the Polytechnic University of Cataluña-Cátedra UNESCO in Barcelona, Spain and Diploma in "High Direction of Universities" by the Universities of Nebrija and Polytechnic of Catalonia, Madrid, Spain.

Enrique Fernández Fassnacht​ Period in charge: 2014 – 2017

Dr. Fernández Fassnacht was born in Mexico City; he is an Industrial Engineering graduate from the Higher Education School of Chemical Engineering and Extractive Industries. He obtained his PhD in Chemistry specializing in physical chemistry at the Postgraduate Division of Studies at the School of Chemistry in UNAM. He studied a post doctorate in the Department of Chemistry at the University of California (UCLA)..

Yoloxóchitl Bustamante Díez Period in charge: 2009 – 2014

She was born in the heart of Mexico City. She graduated from the National School of Biology at IPN and continued to pursue a Doctorate in Sciences with specialty in Biochemistry. Furthermore, she obtained a diploma from the Pan-American Institute in Senior Company Management and another in Finances for non-financiers at the Autonomous Technological Institute of Mexico. On 11 December 2009, she was appointed General Director of the IPN by the President of Mexico, and on December 13 2012, she was endorsed for a second term. She was awarded the National Award in Pharmaceutical Sciences “Dr. Río de la Loza” by the Mexican Pharmaceutical Association among others. In addition, she is a member of the Permanent Commission of Postulation at the Honourable University Council from the Autonomous University of Sinaloa.

José Enrique Villa Rivera Period in charge: 2003 – 20099

He was born in Sinaloa and holds a degree in Chemical Industrial Engineering from the Higher Education School in Chemical Engineering and Extractive Industries. He pursued a Master’s and a PhD from the National Superior School of Petroleum and the French Petroleum Institute. On 12 December 2003, he was appointed General Director of the IPN by the President of Mexico, and on December 12th, 2006, he was endorsed for a second term. Among the several distinctions he has received, he was bestowed the Croix de Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur by the French republic and the State Award in Science and Technology in 2004 by the government of Sinaloa. During his management, the IPN received on five consecutive occasions, a recognition for its national leadership in the validation of academic programmes from the Ministry of Education.

Miguel Ángel Correa Jasso Period in charge: 2000 – 2003

He was born in 1954 in Jeráhuaro, Michoacán. He holds a degree in Economics and a Master’s in Economy with specialty in Economic Development from the Higher Education School of Economics at IPN where he also served as principal. He was a professor at IPN, researcher and professor at CEPAL, undersecretary of the Union of the National College of Economists, economic consultant of the FAO of the United Nations (UN), television host in the series “Pensamiento Económico, ideas para el desarrollo” on Channel 11, secretary of the interior of the National College of Economists, member of the Commission for the Diagnosis of the research in Humanities and Social Sciences of the National Council of Science and Technology, second vice-president of the National College of Economists, president of the IPN Association of Economists. Before being appointed General Director of the IPN, he was the General Secretary of the institute.

Diódoro Guerra Rodríguez Period in charge: 1994 – 2000

He was born in 1951 in Miguel Alemán, Tamaulipas. He studied Engineering in Communications and Electronics at ESIME and obtained a Master’s in Public Administration. He studied a PhD in the PolyTechnical University of Madrid. He has mainly developed his career in the field of education. He was the General Vice-principal of Industrial Technological schools, General Vice-principal of Federations of the Public Education Ministry, President of the Coordinated Services of Education and Secretary of Education both of them in Michoacán, President of the National College of Technical Professional Education, and President of the Broadcasting Commission. He has published over 60 articles about society, education, science, technology and politics in education, books such as La descentralización educativa, estrategia para el desarrollo (Leega, 1987), Educación y cambio estructural (Noriega, 2000), Conocimiento, educación superior y progreso (Noriega, 2001) y Metodologías para dinamizar los sistemas de innovación (IPN, 2005). He was bestowed the “Norberto Treviño Zapata” award from the state of Tamaulipas and the Grade of Grand Commander of the Order of the Merit from the government of Romania.

Óscar Joffre Velázquez Period in charge: 1988 – 1994

He was born on 6th December 1947. He studied accounting and pursued a Master’s degree in Public Administration at ESCA. He has held several positions at the Ministry of Education and served as principal of the Industrial School # 176. Before being appointed General Director of the IPN, he also held several important academic and administrative positions in the Institute. He was the Head of the Professional Interdisciplinary School of Engineering and Administrative and Social Sciences, Executive Secretary at COFAA, Administrative Director, Support Minister and General Minister. Following his term, he became Vice-minister of Education and Technological Research at the Ministry of Education, General Director of the National Housing Fund Institute for Employees and General Comptroller of the Institutional Revolutionary Party. He has been part of the Management Board or Governance Boards of PEMEX, the Institute for Social Security and Services for State Workers, the Mexican Social Security Institute, the National Nuclear Research Institute and National Institute for Indigenous Affairs.

Raúl Talán Ramírez Period in charge: 1985 – 1988

He was born in 1942 in Mexico City and studied Engineering in Electrical and Electronic Communications at ESIME. In 1968, he completed his Master’s in Electrical Engineering at CINVESTAV and a PhD in Operation Research Engineering from the University of California. In 1989, he was bestowed the “Lázaro Cárdenas” award for Academical Merit. He has participated in several technical committees in the public sector as well as associations and professional societies. He served as a professor and Principal at UPIICSA. Raúl Talán was the president of Technological Industrial Education and General Delegate at the Ministry of Education. After serving his term as General Director of the IPN, he became Vice-minister of Education and Technological Research at the Ministry of Education, external consultant of the World Bank for the Reforms of Services in Training and Continuing Education and Professional Technical Education in Chile and Paraguay respectively. He is, currently, the Vice-manager at the Electrical Energy Saving Trusteeship.

Manuel Garza Caballero Period in charge: 1982 – 1985

He was born in 1924 in Monterrey, Nuevo León. He graduated from ESIA in 1961. In 1976 he completed his Master’s studies in Administration at the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Advanced Studies in Mexico City. He also obtained a Master’s in Management Development. From 1965 to 1979, he held different positions at the Ministry of Education. To this date, he has served in important posts at the IPN, mainly as Technical Secretary in 2003. After his term at the helm of the IPN, he became Delegate of the Mexico City council for the Borough of Cuajimalpa in 1985. Manuel Garza was also the General Director of the Services for Education to Decentralise in the State of Mexico and the General Director of the Integrated Services for Education to the State of Mexico.

Héctor Mayagoitia Domínguez Period in charge: 1979 – 1982

He was born in 1923 in Durango, Durango. He graduated from the National School of Biology as a Chemist Bacteriologist and Parasitologist; he later completed soil chemistry studies at Rutgers University. In addition to his position as general director of the IPN, he was General Director of Technological Education, Undersecretary for Middle, Technical and Higher Education, Durango State Governor, CONACYT General Director, Senator for the State of Durango, Technical General Director of the Coordinating Commission for Rural Development of the Federal District and director of the Center for Environmental Education (Ecoguardas) in Mexico City. In 2003, he received the Nature Conservation Award given by SEMARNAT. He is currently coordinator of the IPN Environmental Program, honorary member of the Mexican Society of Geography and Statistics, the Mexican Society of Soil Science and the Mexican Society of Natural History; President for the Cultural Foundation "Metro" and the Mexican Institute of Renewable Natural Resources.

Sergio Viñals Padilla Period in charge: 1976 – 1979

He was born in 1941 in Morelia, Michoacán. He studied Communications and Electronics Engineering at the Mechanical Engineering Superior School (ESIME), and obtained a master's degree in science at CINVESTAV. He was director of the ESIME, deputy technical director and general director of the IPN. Later, he was appointed general director of the System of Regional Technological Institutes, general coordinator of Libraries and Information Services, coordinator of the Operational Project of the Center for Training and Educational Innovation; General Director of Acquisitions, Engineering Coordinator at the Mexican Institute of Communications; Chairman of the Linking Group of the National Advisory Committee for Standardization of Communications and Information Technologies and president of the College of Mechanical Engineers and Electricians, among other positions. He is currently Director of the Center for Aerospace Development.

José Gerstl Valenzuela Period in charge: 1974 – 1976

He was born in 1935 in Mexico City. He holds a BA in Communications and Electronics from ESIME in 1960 and a PhD in Sciences from the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. He was technical director of Telmex, where he developed the automation of the national network and automatic long distance (LADA). In addition to being general director of the IPN, he served as general director of Conalep and CONACYT, supervised the creation of the Regional Autonomous University of Ecatepec, advisor of the Metropolitan Autonomous University and of the National Institute of Nuclear Energy, founding member and vice president of the Mexican Academy of Engineering, and president of CYGNUS Consultants in Energy Projects. He has been granted honours and distinctions by the Federal Republic of Germany, Yugoslavia and Italy and has published several articles on traffic theory, engineering, communications and computer-based planning methods.

Manuel Zorrilla Carcaño Period in charge: 1970 – 1973

He was born in 1921 in Puebla, Puebla. He graduated from ESIME, later becoming its principal. He was a research scientist on the Commission for Scientific Research (CICIC) from 1945 to 1946 and later a member of the Science and Industry Liaison Commission (formed by INIC and CANACINTRA) and various engineering associations. He became general director of the IPN for the 1970-1973 period. Upon serving his term, he became academic adviser of the Minister of Education, President of the Board of Trustees of the National Center of Industrial Technical Education, Regional Center of Industrial Technical Education of Guadalajara Director, Evaluation and Linkage at the Ministry of Education, Director at the General Directorate of Higher Education, at the Ministry of Education, Academic director and academic secretary of the National College of Technical Professional Education; Technical secretary at the Institutional Committee for Curriculum Development. He died on March 13, 2006 in Mexico City.

Guillermo Massieu Helguera Period in charge: 1965 – 1970

He was born in 1920 in San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. Son of the distinguished Wilfrido Massieu, founder and director of IPN. He is a graduate of the National School of Biological Sciences. He received his Ph.D. in Biochemistry from the University of Oxford (England). He was director of CINVESTAV. In 1975, he received the National Prize of Sciences and Arts in the area of Physics-Mathematics and Natural Sciences, researcher of the Institute of Biology of UNAM and Vice minister of Technological Education at the Ministry of Education. He died in Mexico City on February 28, 1985.

José Antonio Padilla Segura Period in charge: 1963 – 1964

He was born in 1922 in San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. He studied at the Superior School of Mechanical Engineering (ESIME), graduating in 1942, and becoming a distinguished member of the Mexican Association of Mechanical Engineers and Electricians. He was Honorary Doctor of the Universities of Sinaloa and Yucatán. He received three National Engineering Awards, the Academic Palms of France and the "Plan de San Luis" and "Ignacio Manuel Altamirano" medals. He was appointed general director of the Institute in 1963. He was also a member of several commissions and boards of directors of academic organizations like the Mexico-United States Commission for Observations in the Exterior Space and the Mexican Society of Engineers among others. He also served as Minister of Communications and Transportation, founding director of the Legislative Computing Center of the Senate of the Republic and of the Information and Documentation Center of the Assembly of Representatives of the Federal District. He passed away on March 2, 2012.

Eugenio Méndez Docurro Period in charge: 1959 – 1962

He was born in 1923 in Veracruz, Veracruz. He studied at the Mechanical Engineering Superior School (ESIME), where he was mentioned in the roll of Honor in 1945; he was later declared Distinguished Son of the same school. In 1949, he obtained a Master’s in Science from Harvard University and perfected his skills in the electronics laboratory at the University of Paris. He was appointed director of the Institute in 1959. During his administration, important works were made in the field of polytechnic scientific research, highlighting the fields of Mathematics, Physics, Biology, Chemistry, Engineering in various branches, Virology and Medicine as well as Anthropology with actions such as the founding of the School of Physics and Mathematics (ESFM), the National Calculation Center (CENAC), strengthening the National School of Biological Sciences, creating a postgraduate in Trade and Administration and witnessing the creation of CINVESTAV. Following his term as general director of the Institute, he occupied many major positions. He became a member of the Mexico-United States Commission for Observations in Space, relating to the Mercury Project (1960-1962); he served as executive director of the National Institute for Scientific Research (1965-1970); Secretary of Communications and Transport (1970-1976), President of the National Foreign Space Commission, member of the Board of Directors of Telmex and president of the Boards of Directors of Aeronaves de México (nowadays Aeroméxico), National Railways, and Federal Railways and Bridges of Income and Related Services, among other lines (1970-1976). He was the founding director of the National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT) from 1971 until 1973.

Alejo Peralta y Díaz Ceballos Period in charge: 1956 – 1959

He was born in 1916 in the City of Puebla. He graduated in 1939 with an Engineering major from the Superior School of Mechanical Engineering (ESIME). In 1956 he was appointed general director of the IPN by Adolfo Ruiz Cortines, then President of Mexico. From 1956 to 1959, he regularized and sorted the academic work in the Institute achieving a major expansion of its facilities (Zacatenco campus) especially after the 1957 earthquake. He was the founder of the television station XEIPN Canal Once as a complement of the Polytechnical education and a cultural diffuser for the entire society. He died on April 8, 1997.

Juan Manuel Ramírez Caraza Period in charge: 1950 – 1953

He was born in 1914 in Monterrey, Nuevo Leon. He joined ESIME in 1936 and graduated as a Mechanical and Electrical Engineer, later becoming a full time professor there until 1968. He was Vice minister of Communications from 1958 to 1964. He became general director of the IPN from 1950 to 1953. From 1978 he served as Technical Assistant Director of the Collective Transportation System Metro of Mexico City. He passed away in the year 2000.

Alejandro Guillot Schiaffino Period in charge: 1948 – 1950

He was born in Apizaco, Tlaxcala in 1913. He graduated from the Higher School of Mechanical Engineering and Electricity, later (ESIME) as a Mechanical and Electrical Engineer. He was appointed director general of the Institute on June 10, 1950. Later, he served as general director of Industrial and Commercial Technology Education of SEP from 1959 to 1966. He died in Mexico City in 1966.

Gustavo Alvarado Pier Period in charge: 1947 – 1948

He was born in 1913 in Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes. He graduated from the Higher School of Mechanical Engineering and Electricity (ESIME) on September 3, 1943, as a Mechanical and Electrical Engineer. In 1941 he began teaching at the IPN and held several trade union positions until 1947. He is the first director general of IPN graduating from the institution. He died in Chihuahua, Chihuahua on December 9, 1967.

Manuel Sandoval Vallarta Period in charge: 1944 – 1947

He was born in 1899 in Mexico City. He was awarded a scholarship to Berlin and Leipzig by the Guggenheim Foundation. He became a renowned physicist who formulated the theory about the path of the cosmic rays when approaching the earth. He served as director of the Institute of Physics of UNAM, vice-minister of education and distinguished member of various national and international scientific bodies. He was appointed director of the Institute in 1944. He died on April 18, 1977.

José Laguardia Núñez Period in charge: 1943 – 1944

He was born on October 20, 1883 in Zamora, Michoacán. He carried out studies to obtain the degree of Civil Engineer. In 1919, he received the appointment of director of the Military Industrial School of Culiacán, where he remained for more than two years. In 1921, he moved to the city of Morelia, Michoacán where he held various positions related to education. In 1942, he received the appointment of head of the Department of Industrial and Commercial Education, depending from the Directorate General of Secondary Education of SEP. In 1943 he was appointed director of the Institute, collaborating in the creation of the Provisional Regulation of the Institute issued on January 27, 1944 and published in the Official Federal Official Gazette (DOF) on February 17, 1944.

Wilfrido Massieu Pérez Period in charge: 1940 – 1942

He was born in Tacubaya, Mexico City, in 1878. He was the first director of the Industrial Technological Institute (ITI), which was inaugurated on August 4, 1924. He was appointed director of the IPN in 1940. At the end of his term, he retired to teaching. He died in the town of Acapulco, Guerrero, in 1944.

Manuel Cerrillo Valdivia Period in charge: 1939 – 1940

He was born in 1905 in Vistahermosa, Jalisco. He graduated from the Higher School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering in 1928, becoming its director in 1935. He established the creation of courses in Aeronautical Engineering, Communications and Electronics as well as postgraduate courses. In 1939, he was appointed director of the National Polytechnic Institute, a position he resigned from in 1940 to pursue a doctorate in Physics and Engineering. He died on September 30, 1989

Miguel Bernard Perales Period in charge: 1938 – 1939

He was born in 1872 in Brownsville, Texas. In 1927, he was appointed Head of the Department of Industrial Technical Education of the Ministry of Public Education, later to take charge of the Industrial Technical Institute, founded by Wilfrido Massieu. He was director and founder of the National Polytechnic Institute. He died on October 25, 1939.

Roberto Medellín Ostos Period in charge: 1937

He was born in 1881 in Tantoyuca, Veracruz. He studied Chemical Engineering. He was Director of Technical Education and Director of the Faculty of Chemical Sciences of the University. In 1932, he was appointed chancellor of the UNAM. He took part in the first Advisory Council of IPN. In 1937 he was appointed director of the Polytechnic, with an economic appointment. He died in the year 1941.

Juan de Dios Bátiz Paredes Period in charge: 1936

He was born in 1891 in Sataya, Culiacán, Sinaloa. He joined the Heroic Military College in 1908 and in 1912, the troops fighting against the forces of General Pascual Orozco. He studied Military Engineering at the Military College. During the government of General Lázaro Cárdenas he was named head of the Department of Technical Education of the Ministry of Education. He was put in charge of the coordination of the Institute at its foundation. In October 1977, the Senate awarded him the “Belisario Domínguez” medal. Upon receiving the distinction, he uttered: "I shall accept it because I know it is for the Polytechnic ... it is only worth living or dying if you live or die for the nation. I did not have the honor of dying for it, but I have tried to serve it". He died in Mexico City on May 20, 1979.